Michael J. Vanni, Anna M. Bowling, Elizabeth M. Dickman, R. Scott Hale, Karen A. Higgins, Martin J. Horgan, Lesley B. Knoll, William H. Renwick, and Roy A. Stein. 2006. Nutrient cycling by fish supports relatively more primary production as lake productivity increases. Ecology 87:16961709.
Equations used to estimate N and P excretion rates of gizzard shad.
Ecological Archives E087-098-A1.
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